History Emilie du Chatelet: French Mathematician… Emilie du Chatelet was born in Paris on December 17, and grew up in a household where marriage was the only way one could improve their place in society. During her early childhood, Emilie began to show such promise in the area of academics that soon she was able to convince her father that she was a genius who needed attention. Provided with good education, she studied and soon mastered Latin, Italian and English.
Born in Paris on December 17,she grew up in a household where the art of courting was the only way one could mold a place in society. During her early childhood, Emilie began to show such promise in the area of academics that soon she was able to convince her father that she needed attention.
Provided with a relatively good education for the time, she studied and soon mastered Latin, Italian and English. She also studied Tasso, Virgil, Milton and other great scholars of the time.
In spite of her talents in the area of languages, her true love was mathematics. Her study in this area was encouraged by a family friend, M. Emilie's work in mathematics was rarely original or as captivating as that of other female mathematicians but it was substantive.
The fact that it was accomplished in the first place is in itself remarkable. Emilie's astuteness was prominent in other areas as well. She was described as being somewhat of a "passionate nature", never lacking for romantic attachments either before or after her marriage.
During the first two years of their marriage, Emilie gave birth to a boy and a girl, and later the birth of another son followed when she was twenty-seven.
Neither children nor her husband deterred her from fully indulging in the social life of the court. Emilie not only refused to give up mathematics but she engaged the best known tutors to help her in her study.
She also conquered the heart of Voltaire, one of most intriguing and brilliant scholars of this time. Some of Emilie's most significant work came from the period she spent with Voltaire at Cirey-sur-Blaise. For the two scholars this was a safe and quiet haven distant from the turbulence of Paris and court life.
However she soon abandoned the work of Leibniz and applied herself to the discoveries of the great Newton. She was extremely successful in translating his entire book on the principles of mathematics into French.
She also added to this book an "Algebraic Commentary" which very few general readers understood. One of Emilie's most significant tutors was Pierre Louis de Maupertuis, a renowned mathematician and astronomer of the time.
As a student her curiosity and stubbornness caused her to place impossible demands on her tutors. As Lynn Osen notes, "Her swift mind outpaced them, her irregular hours disrupted their lives, her rigorous questions were frequently impossible to answer" 3,p.
Such behavior caused her to get into a dispute with another of her tutors, Samuel Koenig, about the subject of the infinitely small.
This dispute subsequently ended their friendship and association with one another. In when Emilie's book Institutions de physique was published, Koenig started a rumor that the work was merely a rehash of his lessons with her.
Of course this infuriated Emilie and for help she turned to the Academy of Sciences and Maupertuis, with whom she had discussed these ideas long before she engaged Koenig as her tutor. The knowledgeable scientists of the time were aware of her capabilities of performing the work.
However she did not feel that she had received the support she deserved. This was the first time she felt that being a woman really worked against her.
The years Emilie spent with Voltaire at Cirey were some of the most productive years of her life. Their scholarly work was very intense.
When there were no guests both of them remained tied to their desks. When she stopped work, however, she did not seem to be the same woman. The serious air gave place to gaiety and she gave herself up with the greatest enthusiasm to the delights of the society" 3,p.
She frequently claimed that the only pleasures left for a woman when she is old are study, gambling, and greed. In the spring ofEmilie met and fell in love with the Marquis de Saint-Lambert, a courtier and very minor poet.Written by Sasha Mandic, Class of (Agnes Scott College) In a society where nobility disliked the notion of education for their daughters arose one of the great mathematicians of the eighteenth century, Frenchwoman, Emilie du Châtelet.
In this biography we will call her "Émilie" up to the time of her marriage, and from then "du Châtelet". Émilie's father was Louis Nicolas Le Tonnelier de Breteuil.
He was an official at the Court of Louis XIV at Versailles with property in Paris and also land in Touraine.
The playwright Lauren Gunderson has written a play about Emilie: La Marquise Du Chatelet Defends Her Life Tonight, which she describes as "a sweeping science romantic epic wherein Emilie must defend her life by tallying her achievements in Love and Philosophy—and searching for a formula that will convince the world of her worth."Gunderson has also written about "Who is Emilie Du Chatelet?".
Emilie du Chatelet is credited as Mathematician and physicist, Age of Enlightenment, theories of Isaac Newton.
Émilie du Châtelet played a major role in the scientific revolution of the eighteenth century. By popularizing the theories of . Biography - Gabrielle Emilie le Tonnelier de Breteuil: Marquise Du Châtelet () Gabrielle Emilie le Tonnelier de Breteuil, born in Paris, 17 Dec.
to a well-connected noble family, had every privilege for a little girl of her time. In this biography we will call her "Émilie" up to the time of her marriage, and from then "du Châtelet".
Émilie's father was Louis Nicolas Le Tonnelier de Breteuil. He was an official at the Court of Louis XIV at Versailles with .