Causes[ edit ] Lorsch Abbey gatehouse, c. This period marked an economic revival in Western Europe, following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Local economies in the West had degenerated into largely subsistence agriculture.
Lecture 20 Charlemagne and the Carolingian Renaissance He who ordains the fate of kingdoms and the march of the centuries, the all-powerful Disposer of events, having destroyed one extraordinary image, that of the Romans, which had, it was true, feet of iron, or even feet of clay, then raised up, among the Franks, the golden head of a second image, equally remarkable, in the person of the illustrious Charlemagne.
Furthermore, this civilization, centered at Constantinople, drew extensively on the Greco-Roman tradition.
From Greece came Hellenistic culture and all that culture had to offer in terms of art, architecture, philosophy, science and literature. From Rome came the much more practical details of law and administration. It was Justinian c.
|Frankish Culture||Print The Carolingian Renaissance The Carolingian Renaissance is a period in the Middle Ages characterized by the revival of scholarship, and tagged with the figure of Charlemagne.|
|Search this blog||Expanding the world into first global age Carolingian Renaissance Carolingian Renaissance The Carolingian Renaissance is the name given to the revival of classical learning and culture that occurred during the late eighth and ninth centuries, a period that roughly corresponds to the rule of the Frankish emperor Charlemagne — and his successors during the Carolingian dynasty.|
|Charlemagne and the Carolingian Renaissance||Alhwin, Alchoin; Latin Albinus, also Flaccus.|
And, of course, added to the Greco-Roman tradition was Christianity -- the great unifying agent of the early Middle Ages both east and west. Islamic civilization also benefited from the Greco-Roman tradition, especially in the areas of Greek science and philosophy. Islamic scholars placed Aristotle on a pedestal and called him simply, "The Philosopher.
Between the 6th and 9th centuries, Byzantine and Islamic civilization flourished -- the result was a material civilization which far outshone their western neighbors.
The west had to remake itself. In the wake of the demise of the Roman Empire, European peasants, nobles and clergyman had to literally remake their lives.
Our image of this period in western history is one of darkness. Greece and Rome, even during its bad times, always appears more brilliant than the early Middle Ages even its peak. There appears to be little or no intellectual pursuit -- no creativity, no innovation in the arts, the learning, no science.
Perhaps the metaphor of a Dark Ages is not that far from the truth. One reason why this may be so is that most Europeans had other things on their mind. As the urban life of Rome gave way to the countryside, people became more closely attached to the land.
Their very survival depended upon it. These people needed security and protection and these seemed to be the two words which best express the common needs of the general population of Europe.
What began as an attempt to restore social, political, military and economic order, ended up producing nothing less than anarchy see Lecture Before we turn to Charlemagne the foundation of the Frankish Kingdom, we need to spend some time discussing a few intellectual trends of the early Middle Ages.
Our discussion may shed some light on this rather dark age. Although the majority of Europeans were busy reconstructing their lives -- trying to find protection and security -- there were scholars who were desperately trying to keep learning alive. As you might expect, these were Christian scholars.
I would like to suggest that these scholars were not that original in their thinking. On the other hand, like St.
Augustinethey did help keep classical learning alive. The two individuals I am about to mention retained a profound respect for the intellect of Greece and Rome.
At the same time, they were devout Christians.Thus the Carolingian Renaissance was really a renovation rather than a true rebirth of classicism.
It was, nevertheless, important for having revived the antique heritage in the West and for transmitting that interest to subsequent art. The Carolingian Renaissance was significant because it preserved the literary heritage of the Roman Empire and developed a new uniform style of handwriting that made documents more legible.
Scholars of that period also systematized Latin grammar, preserving the language of the Roman Catholic Church. The Carolingian Renaissance. The Carolingian Renaissance is a period in the Middle Ages characterized by the revival of scholarship, and tagged with the figure of Charlemagne. Other articles where Carolingian Renaissance is discussed: classical scholarship: The Carolingian Renaissance: Pippin III the Short (reigned –) began ecclesiastical reforms that Charlemagne continued, and these led to revived interest in classical literature.
Charlemagne appointed as head of the cathedral school at Aachen the . Carolingian dynasty: Carolingian dynasty, family of Frankish aristocrats and the dynasty (ad –) that they established to rule western Europe.
The name derives from the large number of family members who bore the name Charles, most notably Charlemagne. A brief treatment of the Carolingians follows. For full. Carolingian Renaissance is a cultural and intellectual revival which started during the reign of Charlemagne in the late 8th century and lasted until the breakup of .