The article then went on to list a number of Russian weapons systems which were clearly superior to their US counterparts when those even existed. The USA definitely has the quantitative advantage, but in terms of quality and training, Russia is way ahead. So what is going on here? Why do otherwise very well informed people have such totally contradictory views?
Globalization is not the only thing influencing events in the world today, but to the extent that there is a North Star and a worldwide shaping force, it is this system. Indeed, Friedman is only one in a long line of commentators and analysts who have ascribed tremendous importance to the forces of globalization and informatization that have already redefined industries, politics, and cultures, and perhaps the underlying rules of social order.
This complex multi-level process of mediation between the global and the local, as an inherently communication phenomenon, promises to change not only the context, but likely the nature of intercultural communication.
But what are these forces that seem to have such a profound effect on our lives? The awesome potential of information technologies and globalization has already had a profound impact upon industries, particularly the financial markets. What are the implications of these forces for those interested in intercultural communication?
Moreover, in what ways can intercultural communication theory help us to understand these forces? Is the traditional study of intercultural communication, bound as it is by the interpersonal context, even relevant to the new issues arising with globalization and informatization?
It is the purpose of this essay to explore the relevance of these globe-shaping forces to intercultural communication, and vice-versa, to identify some of the salient questions for theorists of intercultural communication that arise as a result of these forces, and finally, to identify the role of intercultural communication in providing foundations for understanding a globalized, technologized world.
Globalization has been defined in various ways, but is most typically defined in reference to the interconnectedness of political entities, economic relationships, or even computer networks.
Globalization refers primarily to the ways in which economic and industrial institutions such as industries or corporations interact in various locations throughout the world, with primacy given to no specific geographic location.
Kennedy describes globalization in primarily economic terms, defining it as primarily integrative structures p. He further argues that globalization of economic structures means that local and national governments eventually cede control of policy to the global institutions primarily multinational corporations, but also including non governmental, regional, or international organizations, such as the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund.
Even though the term globalization typically refers to economic phenomenon, there are ripple effects that make the impact of globalization much broader socially and culturally. Ideas, customs, and cultural movements all follow closely after the exchange of goods across national boundaries.
At the recent Davos Economic Forum in Switzerland, Humberto Eco differentiated between globalization as a fact and globalization as a value. Globalization as a fact is the real economic ties, institutions, and realities that underlie a new economy.
Globalization as a value is the extent to which we seek further integration of markets, pools of capital, and industries, although many seem to use the term to refer not to greater economic integration, but rather cultural and social integration.
Not everyone is in full support of further globalization, as is evidenced by the December, riots at the World Trade Organization in Seattle. Opponents, such as Stop WTO! By informatization, I refer to the process primarily by which information technologies, such as the world-wide web and other communication technologies, have transformed economic and social relations to such an extent that cultural and economic barriers are minimized.
In his groundbreaking book, Information Society as Post Industrial Society Yoneji Masuda argues that the technological innovations will provoke radical cultural and social changes that will be fundamentally different from the status quo.
In the post-industrial, information-based society, knowledge, or the production of information values, will be the driving force of society, rather than industrial technologies p.
Moreover, the convergence of technologies will precipitate further changes that promise to fundamentally alter the human landscape.
Wang describes the same phenomenon which she calls "informatization" as "a process of change that features a the use of informatization and IT [information technologies] to such and extent that they become the dominant forces in commanding economic, political, social and cultural development; and b unprecedented growth in the speed, quantity, and popularity of information production and distribution" p.
This "New International Information Order" no longer allows national or regional considerations to stand in the way of the global integration of values, attitudes, and shopping brands.
Thus, informatization is the process whereby information and communication technologies shape cultural and civic discourse. This would include not just computers and the internet, but other related technologies that have as their primary characteristic the transfer of information, including more traditional media technologies, such as film, satellite television, and telecommunications.
As societies and economies re-orient themselves around technologies, there are inevitable consequences. These two concepts, globalization and informatization, thus explain different phenomena, but there is a marked overlap between their social, political, economic, and cultural functions.
Although globalization ultimately refers to the integration of economic institutions, much of this integration occurs through the channels of technology. Although international trade is not a new phenomemon, the advent of communications technologies has accelerated the pace and scope of trade.
Previously, ideas and technologies took centuries to diffuse across the globe, not seconds Sprague With electronic communication media, however, within an instant, the most novel ideas can reach around the globe, or news of events in one continent can drastically affect financial markets around the world.
On a daily basis, over one trillion dollars flows around the world on these electronic networks Kennedyp. Conversely, globalization allows the proliferation of information technologies, and creates a world wide market and clear strategic incentives for the adoption of information technologies. Observers of the twin forces of globalization and informatization have argued that these forces will likely have consequences far beyond the immediate economic context.
Rather, they are likely to have a profound impact on the cultural and social consequences of society.
Nov 07, · Obstacles inside government. On the question named in the title of the event – has the GDS been successful? – the panel’s answer was a confident ‘yes’. Professional accountants of the future need a range of professional competencies to progress their career. A blend of technical knowledge, skills and abilities combined with interpersonal behaviours and qualities will create the ultimate professional quotient and add the most value for employers and clients. May 23, · Best Answer: Yes, it is emerging in America, but it also emerges in many other countries. Moreover, America is not the only source of this emerge, but global Status: Resolved.
Certainly, globalization has contributed to a greater global consciousness that makes political and economic issues extend far beyond their immediate borders.
The Dalai Lama, for example, now has as large a following among Westerners as he does in Dharamsala. Masuda argues that the post-industrial society will likely have the same impact, if not more, than the industrial revolution had on eighteenth century Europe.ASQ is a global leader in quality and consists of a community of passionate people who use their tools, ideas and expertise to make our world better.
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Currently operating with 48 members from 44 countries. A new global middle is rising up in emerging economies around the world, providing competition for labor and resources along with enormous promise for multinationals eager to sell to the burgeoning ranks of first-time consumers.
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How can teachers do this? It's helpful to consider this question in three parts: What skilled teachers think, what they say, and what they do. Nov 07, · Obstacles inside government. On the question named in the title of the event – has the GDS been successful? – the panel’s answer was a confident ‘yes’.