The present-day operational command of the Armed Forces is delegated to the Department of Defense and is normally exercised through the Secretary of Defense. The exact degree of authority that the Constitution grants to the President as Commander in Chief has been the subject of much debate throughout American history, with Congress at various times granting the president wide authority and at others attempting to restrict that authority. InWashington used his constitutional powers to assemble 12, militia to quell the Whiskey Rebellion —a conflict in western Pennsylvania involving armed farmers and distillers who refused to pay excise tax on spirits.
Just what exactly does the President do all day? The evolving power and enlarging scope of responsibilities have made the modern presidency a very big job. Some even say that it is impossible for one person to handle it all.
Presidents as Crisis Managers The Constitutional power as "Commander in Chief" has evolved into the very important modern role of "crisis manager.
In the case of war — such as the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Persian Gulf War — or less famous regional conflicts — such as those in Kosovo, Somalia, or Haiti — the President must go into "emergency mode" and concentrate on the immediate problem.
Domestically, crises may occur — such as urban riots, hurricanes, or forest fires — that require the President to schedule time to coordinate government responses to the situation. Presidents as Symbols and Administrators More than anyone else, the President symbolizes the country — its people and its beliefs.
In this role, a President performs many ceremonial duties, such as receiving foreign dignitaries, throwing the first baseball of the season, and walking on red carpets while waving to crowds.
These actions are not trivial. Strong Presidents must exude confidence, not just in themselves, but in the American people as well. The best ones have had an intangible charisma that engendered public confidence.
As leader of the executive branch, the President is primarily responsible for seeing that the work of government is done.
The president must therefore recruit and appoint many people to top government jobs. Cabinet members, many sub-Cabinet positions, federal judges including Supreme Court Justices, ambassadors, top military leaders, and heads of independent government agencies are all appointments filled by the President.
Even though nominees are subject to consent by the Senate, the fact that Presidents control more than 4, appointments to government service makes this responsibility an important one.
Presidents as Agenda Setters Presidents have considerable power in setting the agenda of lawmakers, especially in the field of foreign affairs. Setting a political agenda has been a role that has grown in recent years. The founders clearly intended that Congress take the lead in setting priorities and determining policies.
Today, Presidents have plans for Social Security, welfare programs, taxes, inflation, and public education. In foreign policy, they often act first, and then consult Congress. Virtually all recent Presidents regularly recommend legislation to Congress.
Strong Presidents have used the State of the Union address, given yearly at the start of each congressional session, to set an agenda. Modern Presidents now use the media to bring attention to their proposals and to place pressure on legislators.
A President may threaten a veto before the bill gets to the Oval Office. The great author John Steinbeck commented, " We give the President more work than a man can do, more responsibility than a man should take, more pressure than a man can bear.
Is it the ability to promote a vision, or handle a crisis, or promote equality? Find out what they said in each category as well as overall, and see if you agree. Duties of the Executive To inform the minds of the people, and to follow their will, is the chief duty of those placed at their head.Jul 08, · The base and the resulting power play different roles, too.
With the triangle notation, there would be constant confusions and mistakes caused by a permutation of two or three of the vertices. To confuse the base and the exponent is a serious mistake, .
Michael Picker, current president of California’s Public Utilities Commission, said the state’s excess power supply is a strategic decision to ensure reliability.
The First Lady as Formal Advisor to the President Mary Anne Borrelli a a Connecticut College, USA Published online: 15 Oct and staffing raises questions about the proper separation of powers.
Too the first lady’s informal power and invested her with formal power. The. Nov 09, · In view of the constitution, section 5 below states the powers of the executive; The Executive Power of the President shall Section 5(1)a – Be vested in the president subject to the laws made by the National Assembly and can be exercised by him directly, VP, Ministers of the government or officers in the public service of the federation.
Time for a small meeting of big powers. Hugh White. Straits Times. 19 September All of us who live in and around Asia face big changes in the way our region works, and big choices about what we are going to do about it.
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